Swifts proposal is an attack on the prevailing social relations in Ireland, the widespread poverty, the indifference of absentee landlords, and their exploitation of the peasants, and British oppression of the Irish nation. The reader is quick to grasp that Swifts actual proposal to alleviate the misery of Ireland is stated in paragraph 29: taxation of absentee landlords, use of locally manufactured goods, nationalism, unity and virtue. Swifts a modest Proposal is a satirical attempt to rouse the conscience of the reader to the plight of the impoverished. Download file to see next pagesRead More.
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Swift just wanted to end the economic crisis of the country. Download file to see previous pages. The writer begins by ruing the prevalence of beggars and impoverished children and proposes to submit a cheap and easy method of making these children sound and useful members of the common-wealth (Swift, para 2, 1729). Starting on this apparently straightforward note, swift adopts a tone of practical economics and moral righteousness, which prompts the reader to expect him to list some realistic solution. Swift couches his proposal in terms of apparent objectivity, economic calculation and statistical data. However, seuss the reader tends to be uncertain about the writers true motivation, and there is a suspicious undertone of irony in the passage where Swift declares we neither build houses nor cultivate land (para 6, 1729). This suspicion is further strengthened when he goes on to speak of young children in terms of a saleable commodity (para 7, 1729). However, Swift succeeds in hiding his real agenda. As the reader is lulled by his argumentative tone, the surprise ending of Swifts proposal comes as an unexpected jolt: he proposes that poor children be sold on the market as food for wealthy landlords. Although the surprise ending of the writers proposal is unexpected, Swift is unable to validate his suggestion. It is now evident that the writer is using satire as a weapon and the piece is not to be taken at its literal or face value.
Absentee landlords was also a very common problem, so even if people did have a place list to live, chances were it was a mess, and was run down. Living conditions were so bad that Swift was outraged that the government allowed people to be living they way they were (being Irish himself). Swift felt it was his duty as a human being to express to the English the horrific conditions of the Irish people were. His use of irony was his way to get the point out to the people of England, in hopes that they would offer a better social plan that could benefit the economies of Ireland and England, and more importantly, the people themselves. Swift begins by outrageously describing the streets of Ireland. He is so outraged at what little is being done to solve the poverty issue, that he satireley makes his own solution to the problem. Perhaps he thought if he made such an outrageous solution, the government would realize what a problem it really. The message Swift wanted to get out was if children must live in these poor conditions, they mise will die now, where at least society can benefit somewhat.
Economic considerations thus form the backbone of substantiation for the proposal that, in Swifts words, hath something solid and real, of no expense and little trouble, full write in our own power, and whereby we can incur no danger in disobliging England (Swift 1729). The logic is correct, and this is what brings the reader to the conclusion that one cannot use only logic when evaluating such situations. By resorting to pure logic, Swift appeals to the hearts of the readers who finally have to feel compassion for the poor kids. A reader cannot but conclude that the destiny of the poor cannot be governed only by economic logic and take action motivated not only by logic, but also be sentiment. A modest Proposal was an essay based on satire, by jonathan Swift. He depicted the horrific conditions of Ireland and the lives of the Irish people in 1729. The problem being that England controlled Ireland, and due to the growing population at the time, the population had to be cut down. This would "Prevent the Children of poor people from presentation being a burthen to their Parents, or the country, and for making them Beneficial to the public". Their were overcrowded living conditions, and overpopulation was a problem.
Another argument is social. The plan is touted as a way to solve a cobweb of Irelands social troubles by removing the stigma of extra and unnecessary burden from undesired children and improving the status of women who now turn into producers of economically valuable commodity. The modest proposal is also presented as a viable tool against unemployment. Besides, the initiative, the author suggests, would be a great inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards or enforced by laws and penalties (Swift 1729). Swift mentions that the care and tenderness of mothers toward their children is likely to increase if they know that their childrens future is guaranteed from now on (Swift 1729). The change would be even culturally enriching in some ways. Thus, it would pave the way for advances in culinary art as cooks would get new material to work upon. Taverns can now served new dishes to all the fine gentlemen, who justly value themselves upon their knowledge in good eating (Swift 1729). Swift also points out that the demographic situation will be taken care of, since he is only suggesting implementation of his plan in the single province of Ireland, allowing the population in the rest of the commonwealth to grow at natural rates.
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The stated purpose of the tract is sound, but the reader cannot shake off the uncomfortable feeling that something is wrong here, even if the argument has consistency and substance. There is little reason to suspect Swift of being serious in his attempt to introduce butchering young children for profit. Rather, he is deriding the social engineering projects popular in his days by showing that even when logic is infallible, the project that does not agree with humanitarian ideals is not viable. The main stated goal Swift seeks to accomplish is stated in the title: a modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of poor people from being a burden to their Parents, or the country, and for making them Beneficial to the public. Thus, the paper deals with the situation in Ireland, the poorer area of the commonwealth where people have too many children whom they cannot feed and who are thus forced into meagre existence, bordering on starvation. The main purpose is proclaimed as removal of this unfortunate condition. The method Swift suggests, however, is shocking to feed these extra children and then kill them in order to sell their meat in the market to feed the hungry others.
Swift offers a number of arguments to support his position, but the most important is the economic one. He draws on statistical evidence and calculations shaker to substantiate his position. Thus, he talks of one hundred and twenty thousand children of poor parents annually born (Swift 1729).Then he states that, by his projections, an average child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year, if tolerably nursed, increaseth to 28 pounds (Swift. This is a bona fide budgeting proposal that will allow one to compute the benefits and expected profits of the plan. But boots of course, the main professed concern, in Swifts view, is to help the poor to relieve their families of the burden of unwanted children. Swift points to abortions as evidence that unwanted children are many and justifies those once again from the economic point of view. Economically, the initiative seems to be a win-win plan: the nations stock increases, and the poor earn extra income while also getting rid of the charge to pay for their childrens upbringing.
He believes there is a serious epidemic within Ireland, stating that with all the financial problems facing its people, children are just an "additional grievance- (Swift). According to Swift, even if the poor got jobs, or sold into slavery or if the poor steal at a larger rate, the situation would still be the same. This makes one wonder what his actual proposal is going to be about. "It is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of infants at a certain age who are born of parents in effect as little able to support them as those who demand out charity in the streets- (Swift). This is just the beginning of Swift's proposal, so what he is basically suggesting is that infants should be sacrificed.
Suddenly, the audience is hit with a comment that is alarming contextually. Swift compares the babies to livestock and calls them "savages." The proposal becomes very outrageous, but he does not stop there. He goes on to state advantages, saying that "the constant breeders, besides the gain of eight shillings sterling per annum by the sale of their children, will be rid of charge of maintaining them after the first year- (Swift). Swift also assumes that infants would be a good custom for taverns "once again another unanticipated advantage. Next essays Related to Swift's Modest Proposal. Got a writing question? Ask our professional writer! Swifts proposal is a seemingly inhumane plan on fighting poverty in a highly inventive, yet horrifying way.
Gulliver s Travels Essay - analysis
A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of venison might be well supply'd by the bodies of young lads and maidens, not exceeding fourteen years of age, nor under twelve; so great. Excerpt summary: Swift writes about a virtuous and patriotic friend who suggests there will be a demand for children aged twelve to fourteen by the wealthy of the kingdom who have "depleted their deer supply.". Which best describes this summary of the excerpt? Free swift's Modest Proposal Essay, jonathan Swift's proposal to Ireland concerning father's growing and selling babies for food and clothing is a barbaric and irrational idea "at first, but Swift gradually manipulates the reader to accept his thoughts as intelligent and rational. Swift uses satire throughout his "Modest Proposal- "satire meaning the use of sarcasm, or humor in a literary piece to ridicule or attack human vices. Swift is very effective in using patterns to create satire. At times he is sympathetic and other times callous, while using facts and statistics to create a specific effect and to strengthen his argument. Satire is very clearly developed in Swift's proposal.
showing that the English government, Protestants and the Irish are the cause of the kingdoms lamentable state. Swifts compassion for the misery of the Irish people is severe, and he has also included a critique on their incompetence in solving their own issues. In conclusion to Swifts unique proposal, it can be said that there is a deeper meaning behind this social issue. Swifts point of view he is conveying is that the disadvantaged people of Ireland should not have to beg or steal for a living. Swift cleverly uses irony and satirical techniques to position the reader into many emotions, such as sorrow when he is describing the poor and the shock when he announces his humble proposal of consuming young babies or selling them for money. Swift is aiming his ideas mostly at the English government because of the shameless exploitation of the Irish Kingdom and its people, although some blame goes to the Irish themselves for not acting against their social issue. There is no argument that the kingdom was in a deplorable state, and that a miracle has to occur to repair. Read the excerpt from "a modest Proposal" and the summary that follows.
In rags and begging for sustenance. Swift is not serious, and, although the tone of the text seems to be sad and sombre, it has a very serious message. The vocabulary used in this satirical text are carefully chosen to convey swifts point of view, which is that the disadvantaged people of Ireland should not have to beg or steal for a living, especially the mothers and children, who should be out working. Swift begins by subtly engaging the readers attention by addressing a very real problem: the proliferation of beggars accompanied by malnourished children in the deplorable state of the kingdom. Much of the proposals shock value derives from the fact that the first portion of the essay describes the plight of starving beggars in Ireland, so that the reader is unprepared for the surprise of Swifts solution when he states, a young healthy child well. Swift values freedom from oppression and the opportunity for all people to have a good working life. He also values Irish independence and empowerment. The target of criticism is the English government but also at essay the Irish for not taking any action to deal with the problem, although they probably could not have done anything because their lives are restricted by English policies and laws. His beliefs are that something drastic will have to happen in order for things to change.
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