However, in formulas, tables and figures appropriate shortened forms (section.3) and case, such as ne, nacl, should be used. When compass points are used in names of areas or cities, upper case is used (e.g. International System of Units (si and symbols The International Conference on weights and measures has accepted a system of basic metric units known as the International System of Units (SI) (table 5). Only si units and symbols can be used in written work. Table 5 sets out the recommended conventions for units in scientific text. Further information is available in Snooks co (2002). Multiple units should be written in the format g m-2 day -1, rather than g/m2/day although both formats are allowable in the si system.
Prevention and Intervention
Hence use 'metalaxyl' in preference to 'ridomil'. If it is necessary to refer also to the Trade or Brand name write as 'metalaxyl (ridomil. Numbers and dates Use words for whole numbers one to nine, and for all whole numbers at the beginning of true a sentence. Otherwise, figures are used (e.g. Write dates in text as but use abbreviations in tables, (e.g. 26 Jan 97 or 26/01/97 ). Detailed help rules for the use of numbers and measurement are given by Snooks co (2002,.11). Capital letters Use lower case letters for seasons (e.g. Spring compass points (e.g. Northeast common names of organisms (e.g. Sodium chloride unless you are starting a new sentence or the name contains a proper noun (e.g.
Polyanthemos Schauer The reviews abbreviation of genus must apply to one genus only. Maldulensis is not related to the quandong ( Elaeocarpus grandis ell). This is despite the fact that Elaeocarpus grandis is a similar height to maldulensis. If referring to a number of species of the same genus, then the term spp. (un-italicised) is used (sp. Agricultural chemicals usually have a standard, commonly used scientific name. These should always be used in preference to the Trade or Brand name.
The second name refers to the species and the third is an authority name (often abbreviated to one or more letters) of the person who has collected, described, classified or coined the scientific name. When plan names are revised, the most recent author is also added to the name as the owner of the most recent classification. Not all scientific names have authors. Animals rarely have an authority name. Common names must be followed by the scientific name when first mentioned. Table 4 Some conventions applying to the use of scientific names of organisms Convention Example genus starts with capital, species starts with lower case. Author's name is not italicised, but is often abbreviated. After the first reference, the genus may be abbreviated. Camaldulensis After the first reference, other members of the same genus may be abbreviated.
Collusion is the presentation by a student of an assignment as his or her own which is in fact the result in whole or in part of unauthorised collaboration with another person or persons. Simply changing a few words in what is otherwise a copy of part or the whole of a work written by someone else, or co-operatively with others, is still plagiarism or collusion. Scientific Writing Scientific writing must be unambiguous, strictly relevant and non-repetitive. Conciseness, consistency of tense, and non-emotive language are the hallmarks of good scientific writing. If you are writing to contribute to a scientific journal, you need to consult the 'information for authors' of that journal before final preparation and submission of papers for publication. The Academic skills Unit has guides to help you write lab reports and research reports: asu: Writing science laboratory reports asu: Scientific research reports Scientific and common names living organisms are identified and classified by scientific names, which should always be used in your writing. Scientific names have three components (table 4). The first name refers to the genus.
English Language Arts Standards introduction students
Table 3 Some common foreign phrases in toto in total in situ on shaquille site per se in itself in vivo in a live organic environment in vitro outside organisms - in an artificial, non-organic environment Plagiarism and collusion "The most important attribute that the University. We want our graduates to be capable of independent thought, to be able to do their own work, and to know how to acknowledge the work of others." Professor Peter McPhee (Provost 2007-9) Plagiarism and collusion are viewed as serious academic offences, which under University. The Academic skills Unit booklet Using sources and avoiding Plagiarism is an excellent guide to how to reference properly and other strategies for avoiding plagiarism in your academic writing. The University's Academic Honesty website also provides advice for students. Plagiarism is the act of representing as one's own original work the creative works of another, without appropriate acknowledgment of the author or source.
While use of the writings, results, thoughts and ideas of others is important when writing scientific reports, doing so without acknowledgment is plagiarism. Plagiarism is viewed as a form of cheating. Appropriate in-text citation and referencing must be used to distinguish the work and ideas of others from your own. Copying one or more sentences or paragraphs from a reference is plagiarism, unless it is treated as a". If a section of text is copied without being shown as a" it is still plagiarism, even if an in-text citation is given at the end of the copied text.
That is (Latin: id est ) Jan. Namely, or, that is to say (Latin videlicet ). And so forth (Latin: et cetera ) act australian Capital Territory csiro commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation dna deoxyribose nucleic acid grdc grains Research and development Corporation usa united States of America Abbreviations are followed by a full stop except where they include one. Abbreviations of this latter type often refer to organisations (e.g. Csiro; grdc and may be used in the abbreviated form in text and references (see section.1) Contractions The first and last letter of a contraction is the same as those of the original word. They are written without a full stop (e.g.
Acronyms Acronyms are shortened forms that may be pronounced as words. Normally, acronyms are in common use as words and do not need to be spelt out in full. Acronyms are usually spelt in all capitals, except for very familiar ones. Table 2 Examples of common acronyms Laser l ight a mplification by s timulating e mission of r adiation Sonar so und n avigation a nd r anging Symbols "Symbols are internationally recognised representations of units of measurement, words or concepts". (Snooks co 2002,. They do not require full stops. . Scientific symbols are discussed in detail in Section.4. Foreign phrases in common usage The use of foreign phrases (table 2) is permissible, but these should always be italicised.
Citation Practices and The Bluebook
Conventional abbreviations such as 'eg.' and essay 'etc. are generally so familiar that no explanation is necessary. Where abbreviations of organisations business are used they must be spelt out in full, followed by the abbreviated form in brackets. Subsequent use can be the abbreviation only. Use a full-stop after the abbreviation. Table 1 Examples of common abbreviations Abbreviation meaning. For example (Latin: exempli gratia ).
Person, essays and reports should normally be written in the third person: 'The fluid was transferred' not 'i transferred the fluid.' or '. You transfer the fluid' It may be appropriate to use the first person in some reports (or even in a thesis). You should check the instructions in the subject outline or see the subject convenor (or supervisor) if you think that magazines this is the case. Examples of reports that might be written in first person are personal planning documents or tour reports. Shortened forms of words For a more extensive discussion of shortened forms of words, please refer to Snooks co (2002 Chapter. There are four types of shortened forms of a word or words that may be used in an essay or report: Abbreviations Contractions Acronyms Symbols Shortened forms are usually used to save space, particularly in tables and figures. They can also make reading easier by reducing unnecessary repetition, particularly with words or phrases that are long, or familiar. . As a general rule, if in doubt, spell it out. Abbreviations An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word.
particularly in scientific writing. The academic skills unit has produced two guides with more information about tenses: asu: Using tenses in essays, asu: Using tenses in scientific writing. In scientific circles, knowledge is considered to be established when it has been published in a reputable journal or book. Established knowledge is cited and/or discussed in the present tense: the cell membrane of ML05 contains 42 protein.'. New information, knowledge, data and observations, as well as methods used in an experiment, are referred to in the past tense. 'the cell membrane of this closely related species contained 27 protein.' 'protein content was measured. the future tense may be used in 'planning' documents, and in statements of intention, aims and objectives: 'opportunities to conduct a study of the effects of variation in the protein content of all cell membranes will be actively sought.'.
Writing your Honours thesis? The Academic skills Unit has produced. Honours Study booklet especially for Honours students. If you are unsure of the style of writing expected in your thesis, talk to your supervisor. Dvm students, if you are a student in the dvm3 or dvm4, you are advised listing to use styles recommended in the author guidelines provided by the australian Veterinary journal (AVJ). The library website also has this. Research Project Resources guide for students in the dvm3. Writing Conventions, spelling, australian English should be used. The standard spelling reference for Australian writing is the macquarie dictionary.
Report writing - home deakin
A guide to help you achieve consistency and accuracy in your writing, formatting and referencing of essays and reports. Writing Style, getting started in academic writing? Writing styles vary between school, university and the workplace. You may even find that different departments at university expect different styles of writing. It is your responsibility to learn the conventions of writing in each subject area. The, academic skills Unit has a range of resources to help you develop your academic writing skills, including: Workshops, individual tutorials, booklets. Short pdf guides, the, tertiary essay writing booklet is a good place to start if you are new to academic writing. Some of the other excellent guides they produce include: reading and note taking for science long students. Reading Effectively, academic Style, writing successful essays, undergraduate research reports.