A glimmer of hope to refresh your directive before you have a chance to throw in the shovel. This Malcolm Gladwell delivers in spades. Recommended Resources, for a more in-depth, comprehensive summary of Outliers, check out. The outliers, by malcolm Gladwell (Summarised by paul Arnold Trainer facilitator ). Content * readability iutshell, genius is over-rated. Success is not just about innate ability. Its combined with a number of key factors such as opportunity, meaningful hard work (10,000 hours to gain mastery and your cultural legacy.
Summary of Outliers the story of success by malcolm
For just as each of Malcolms case studies is really only a conjured aberration to serve as prototypal concept in the formulation of a conceptual illustration of success, so too is the subject of each of his books merely an embodiment of a common yearning. To be an Outlier, to reach a tipping point and to create in a blink, each is an undeniably accessible human longing. Each in itself a fabled silver any bullet to success. Each an aberration, a mirage, masking the valley of success of its obstacles and challenges. To the man on the ground, the path to success may seem treacherous and vast. Malcolms works represent a collection of birds eye views, bringing the solitary soldier above the canopy for a glimpse of hope. A new way to think about his plight. These frames of reference, these new ways of thinking about success are made of lovingly crafted analogies and honest speculation. The artificial experience orchestrated by malcolm will probably not help you technically in scaling whatever obstacle you now face. But when youre deep in the trenches fighting with all your strength losing sight of the goal on an empty tank, malcolms words may help you just when it matters most.
In this they are highly accessible. (like a drug without any side effects). Outliers is no different - the key concepts of writings the book are that yes, it takes a lot of hard work to be successful, but that theres some luck involved in getting to be in a place where that work counts for something,. The rest of the book is anecdotes and interesting digressions that make for pleasant reading, but are essentially filler. Outliers is not so much, the Story of, success so much as. A new way of Thinking About, success. This spin of title points to the true value of Malcolms body of works.
Nor is success simply the sum of the decisions and efforts we make on our own behalf. It is, rather, a gift. Outliers are those who have been given opportunities and who have had the strength and presence of mind to seize them. Hard work is critical to success, but, successful people were often lucky to be in the right place at the right time, and 10,000 hours of working on skills seems to be a rule of thumb. The truth is that the stories expressed in Malcolm Gladwells books, while compelling and mildly entertaining, are far from revolutionary. The genius of Malcolm Gladwell is his style. A book by malcolm Gladwell is unlikely to : require analytical thinking tell you something you dont already know or make a statement that you might disagree with.write
No one who can rise before dawn three hundred sixty days a year fails to make his family rich Chinese proverb. Countries whose students are willing to concentrate and sit still long enough to focus on answering every single question in an endless questionnaire are the same countries whose students do the best job of solving math problems (p.148). If you make kids work hard, they do better Gladwell presents information showing that the reason why poor kids do worse in school is largely to do with how little time they spend studying outside of school, rather than the commonly argued because poor schools. Whereas wealthier kids are encouraged to do things like read, go to museums etc. During holidays, poorer kids tend to be encouraged to do these things less frequently. As a result, every year the gap widens. It is not the brightest who succeed.
What is a summary of chapter 6 of Outliers?
(p.149) Work that fulfills these three criteria is meaningful. Crucially, certain households have historically specialized in such work (Gladwell sites Jews working in the garment trade by way of example). This has a big impact on children: The most important consequence of the miracle of the garment industry, though, was what happened to the children growing up in those homes where meaningful work was practiced. If you work hard enough and assert yourself, and use your mind and imagination, you can shape the world to your desires. So far in Outliers weve seen that the success arises out of the steady accumulation of advantages: when and where you are born, what your parents did for a living, and what the circumstances of your upbringing were all make a significant difference in how. The question for the second part. Outliers is whether the traditions and attitudes we inherit from our forebears can play the same role part 2: Legacy.
Culture doesnt go away with time and/or changing environments Those who come from cultures where people are say, quicker to anger when suffering a perceived slight or disrespect, such as the southern States in the us, will retain such traits. This remains true handwriting even if they grow up in a different location and are far removed from their original roots. Cultural Power Distance Impacts Decision-making even at Critical Moments Gladwell presents the findings from studies into the causes of plane crashes and shows that Hofstedes concept of power distance is critical, as accidents often occurred where co-pilots pretty from cultures with a high power distance (i.e. Unwilling to challenge superiors) were far more likely not to challenge poor decisions. Linguistic and Agricultural legacy has a huge impact The logical structure of numbers in languages like japanese and Mandarin, as well as the ability to say numbers faster, is presented as one of the reasons why Asians are better at Mathematics. Furthermore, countries with a legacy of rice-growing, which requires a far greater level of input, concentration and hard-work are shown to continue to apply that work ethic with regards to studying.
Once someone has reached an iq of somewhere around 120, having additional iq points doesnt seem to translate into any measurable real-world advantage. The key point, in terms of being successful, is that you dont have to be the most intelligent, you simply have to have enough intelligence. The second component of success, once you are over the iq threshold, is what Gladwell refers to as practical intelligence (p.101) which includes things like knowing what to say to whom, knowing when to say it, and knowing how to say it for maximum effect. General intelligence and practical intelligence are orthogonal,. The presence of one doesnt imply the presence of the other.
Gladwell sites a study analyzing the parental approaches of low-income. Middle-class families and asserts that practical intelligence is, to a large degree, the product of a middle-class style of nurturing which gives children more of a sense of entitlement. This is not entitlement in the negative sense of the word, but rather the trait which allows people to successfully navigate complex social situations, systems and bureaucracies. The type of Work you do (and your parents did) Matters. Discussing work, gladwell states the truism: These three things autonomy, complexity, and a connection between effort and reward. Are the qualities that work has to have if it is to be satisfying.
Outliers Chapter 1: The matthew Effect Summary
Their success was not just of their own making. It was a product of the world in which they grew up (p.67). Intelligence essay Only gets you so far. This section revolves around the terman Study, which tracked hundreds of students who scored as geniuses on iq tests as children, and then noted how successful (I realize this is a complex term, but well save that for another book post) they ended up being. Turns out, they were pretty average! But theres a catch. The relationship between success and iq works only up to a point.
A great example of this is Bill Gates, whose success is often regarded as the result of him being a great programmer (and shrewd businessman to be fair). Yet what is less well known is that Gates writing attended the only middle school in the United States with a computer terminal which allowed him as an eighth-grader to rack up the kind of hours of programming practice which, in 1968, was usually found. Bill joy, the creator of the programming language java, has a similar story. He was so far ahead of the game that during the oral exams for his PhD, he made up a particularly complicated algorithm on the fly that: so stunned his examiners that one of them later compared the experience to jesus confounding his elders (p.36). The timing of Economic and Technological Change. Once again looking at birthdates of highly successful tech entrepreneurs, Gladwell notes a pattern. This time, it becomes apparent that these guys were born at just the right time to take advantage of the personal computing revolution. Their success, to a huge degree, came from being born at a time when a new technology was emerging.
cutoff for team selection is January 1st, meaning that kids who are born early in the year can be up to a year older than those born later in the year. When you are very young, that kind of difference is huge in terms of physical maturity. The effect, however, is cumulative. Because the january-march kids do well early, from the very beginning they are put in A teams and given more coaching and more hours of practice, which leads to the next key point about success. The 10,000 Rule, this is probably the premise that Gladwell is most well known for, the idea that pretty much everyone who is really good at something has practiced that something for about 10,000 hours. Yet perhaps the more nuanced version of this argument is that people who have had the opportunity to practice this amount of time are those who have frequently gone on to success, because when opportunity came their way, they already had the requisite skills.
And some of the facts presented do speak for themselves, for example the birth months of professional hockey players show a pattern which would keep any statistician happy. Whats more, the book is fun. Examples from unexpected corners are myriad. Sometimes Gladwell can ham his points up too much, but this is a minor quibble. Mostly the arguments interlink smoothly. The exploration of people with super-high iq is very compelling, and apple full of great anecdotes Gladwell is an excellent storyteller. Some of the passages, most notably the transcriptions of cockpit dialogue from flight recorders of crashed aircraft, are unforgettable. Considering the breadth of examples and sub-topics, this book is remarkably cogent and entertaining. I would highly recommend this book to anyone interested in being more than average, and/or parents who wish their children to be more than average.
Outliers Chapter 9: Maritas Bargain Summary & Analysis
Get summaries of the top 10 personal finance books in one *free* 60 page ebook when you join our mailing list. This is the second llb book summary on a malcolm Gladwell book (we previously summarized. His books are proving consistently thought-provoking. Outliers: The Story of Success is about people who achieve extraordinary success in a variety of fields, from scientists to rockstars, and the complex web of factors which play a role in that success. Evaluation, outliers is an exciting romp through the context of different peoples success. Along the way, numerous key factors which influenced, for better or worse, that success are carefully deconstructed. Some of the books conclusions are not backed up by studies (though some are) or much more than anecdotal evidence, but then apple a lot of the conclusions would require some very obscure data to be rigorously vetted. The 10,000 hour rule is almost certainly not the simple cause-and-effect relationship the book would have you believe (Tim Ferriss has discussed this in his critique of the rule and some other conclusions ignore alternative reasons for successbut that really isnt the point. Regardless of academic rigor, that the books observations make you reconsider commonly-accepted wisdom (he just worked really hard etc.) is value enough.