It's badly needed by kenya's huge horticulture industry, one of the largest flower exporters to europe. It takes Sanergy four to six months to change raw human waste into fertilizer. The process could be sped up with an investment in infrastructure, and Stradley says the company plans to build a high-tech waste management facility within the next year. The same waste can be used for both fertilizer and biogas, but the company isn't operating at a scale yet where it makes sense to generate electricity to sell back to the grid, Stradley says: "We need about a thousand toilets to have enough waste. If Sanergy's plans pan out, that won't be a problem. Within five years, the company's founders want to provide toilets to more than half a million Africans, generating 11,000 tons of fertilizer annually and.5 million kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Starting an Organic, fertilizer, production, business, profitableVenture
At five kenyan shillings a pop, that's about. "It's a good way to resume start your own business and be self-employed he told cnnmoney through an interpreter. Another Fresh Life operator in mukuru, esther Muniyiva, has about 96 customers a day and makes around 40 a week. The big benefit, she says, is that the area around the toilet is clean: "Some people think the toilet is so clean that they could eat in there too.". Joshua boger, the former ceo of Vertex Pharmaceuticals, was one of Sanergy's judges in the massChallenge competition. He says one of the company's biggest challenges now is how fast to scale. "you don't build a fertilizer plant for a million people if you only have 100 customers, so they have to go slow - but not too slow he says. Related story: 7 best new global cities for startups. Sanergy collects about.5 tons of waste each day and sold its first batch of fertilizer in July - two tons at market price, which generally runs 300 to 600 a metric ton, Stradley says. That's about twice the global price because, thanks to a local fertilizer shortage.
Sanergy and its brand of Fresh Life toilets. Their vision won the 2011 mit 100K Entrepreneurship Competition and landed the 100,000 diamond night Prize at the 2011 MassChallenge Startup Competition and Accelerator. A fresh Life toilet is 3' x 5' and made of prefabricated concrete. The floor has a squat plate and two holes, one for urine and one for solid waste, that lead down to removable waste cartridges. The toilets are sold at cost for 500, which includes installation, painting and daily waste collection. Owners are considered franchisees and have to supply toilet paper, soap and a hand-washing stand. Right now, Stradley says, there are 150 toilets operating in nairobi's crammed mukuru slum, and the company is selling another five to 10 toilets per week. About a third of Fresh Life operators have already purchased an additional unit. Bob Orengo, a franchisee in mukuru, sees about 47 customers a day.
He and his business partners hatched a plan for profiting on both ends of a messy problem: Sell pay-per-use toilets to local entrepreneurs, then collect the waste and sell that too, after converting it into fertilizer. Auerbach spent several years in China teaching English after college, then moved on to stints at the Clinton foundation and Endeavor, a non-profit that supports entrepreneurs in emerging markets. At mit's Sloan School of Management, he teamed up with fellow grad students Ani vallabhaneni and Lindsay stradley. Vallabhaneni had worked with a chain of dialysis clinics for low-income patients in the Philippines, and Stradley was a veteran barbing of teach for America and google. On a trip to kenya, the trio saw locals paying about 5 cents to use an unlined pit latrine. Even more common were "flying toilets" - plastic bags used as a toilet, tied off and then thrown outside. The ground is often covered in them. When they returned, the three cofounders - all 31 now - wrote the business plan for.
An article this week from the center for Public Integrity described how overworked and underfunded that agency. Polly defrank and Rich Gardella of nbc news contributed reporting. More from Open Channel: Follow Open Channel from m on Twitter and Facebook investigate this! Read and vote on readers' story tips and suggested topics for investigation or submit your own. This story was originally published on Fri Apr 19, 2013 4:58 am edt). Kenyan entrepreneur Agnes Kwamboka operates a fresh Life pay-per-use toilet franchise. In China's Hunan Province, using the bathroom often means squatting over a dirty hole in the ground. An estimated.5 billion people around the world lack adequate sanitation - more than a third of the global population - and 2 million die each year of diarrheal disease. To david auerbach, that is both a human-rights crisis and an entrepreneurial gold mine.
Fertilizer, distribution, business - step by Step guide
The county engineer in McLennan county, texas, in the county seat of Waco, said counties in the state don't have zoning regulations, and neither do most towns. He said he didn't know if the town of West had rules that would have affected this plant. Although some homes were close by when the fertilizer facility reader opened, a subdivision, schools and a nursing home were built near the plant in subsequent years. Mathers said Thursday that the most recent fatal accident involving a fertilizer facility in the. Was in 1994 in Port neal, iowa, where four workers were killed and 18 injured. she said the institute's employees on Thursday were "pretty damn mad because an incident such as this can sully a good industry's reputation.
"This industry has ethics she said. The Fertilizer Institute sponsors training sessions for the industry, in addition to performing the usual support and lobbying functions of a trade group. The fertilizer Institute removed from its website on Thursday morning a map of fertilizer production and mining facilities. Mathers said officials did so because people were confusing those facilities with smaller storage and mixing facilities, like west Fertilizer. "We weren't trying to do anything dirty or underhanded she said. A copy of the map is available here. The accident is being investigated by the.
The epa said it had poor employee training records, failed to document hazards and didn't have a written maintenance program. The epa said the company corrected the deficiencies and filed an updated plan in 2011 making no mention of the presence of ammonium nitrate and was then in compliance with epa regulations. Also in 2006, the state department of Environmental quality found that the company was operating without a permit for its two 12,000-gallon tanks for anhydrous ammonia, which is stored as a liquid under high pressure. The state department hadn't known about the tanks until a neighbor complained of a "very bad" smell of ammonia at night. The chemical is used on farms directly as a fertilizer, and can be combined with nitric acid to make ammonium nitrate fertilizer. No state permit for the tanks had been required when the plant was built in 1962, and it was grandfathered in until a 2004 change in state law required even those older plants to have permits.
State environmental officials received two complaints about the company. One, in 2002, said, "This place is in the northern part of town and every day during the grain harvest season there is a cloud of dust. Particles are falling like snow around town. People are afraid to complain, however this is effecting (sic) neighbors' health with scratchy throats, cough and sneezing." The other was in 2006, and led to the plant getting a permit for its anhydrous ammonia tanks: "Ammonia smell very bad last night from fertilizer plant. Location is up to zoning rules. The spokeswoman for a trade group, The fertilizer Institute, said the west plant was not a manufacturing facility but instead a retail distribution point for farmers to buy fertilizers. The spokeswoman, kathy mathers, said there are 5,000 to 6,000 such facilities in the. Such facilities must register with the epa and with state authorities, she said. But any limits on their placement near homes or schools would be limited only by local zoning ordinances, mathers said.
Fertilizer & Commodity Chemicals Company, business, plan - highlights
"We need a system in father's which facilities that are inherently dangerous are required to develop detailed disaster prevention plans before theyre allowed to operate.". West Fertilizer is owned by, adair Grain, a small company with only seven or eight employees. . The company declined to comment when reached by phone by nbc news. The company has been the subject of several disciplinary actions from state and federal regulators: Last summer, the. Pipeline and hazardous Materials Safety Administration fined West Fertilizer 10,000 for safety violations, including planning to transport anhydrous ammonia without adequate security and failing to properly label ammonia tanks. The company paid a reduced fine of 5,250 after agreeing to take corrective action. The fine was reported by several news organizations. In 2006, the company was fined 2,300 by the epa for not having filed a risk management plan, according to the epa's compliance database.
but authorities have not said what chemical was responsible for the tremendous explosion, how much of each chemical was stored at the. Making sure that firefighters know what chemicals are on site is a primary reason for the disclosures such as the one the company made to the state in February. Spokesman Carrie williams of the department of health Services told nbc news that although the state requires registration of hazardous materials to alert emergency planners and the community, the department's role is limited to receiving the reports and making them available to the public. More than 65,000 facilities in Texas submit reports, which are available in the state's Emergency and Chemical Inventory. West Fertilizer said in its 2011 risk management plan filed with the epa that its anhydrous ammonia did not pose any threat of fire or explosions. "The worst-case release scenario would be the release of the total contents of a storage tank released as a gas over 10 minutes the plan said. Ammonium nitrate isn't listed on the plan, which is described as a five-year update to the epa. A copy of the plan was posted online by the watchdog group Center for Effective government. "Last nights tragic explosion points to the need for stricter regulations of plants that store and use large quantities of hazardous chemicals said a statement from Tom oconnor, executive director of a union safety group, the national council for Occupational Safety and health.
26 that it was storing up to 540,000 pounds of ammonium nitrate, along with up to 110,000 pounds of the liquid ammonia, according to the disclosure report. Read the document provided by the state.) The company's disclosure was first reported Thursday evening. The los Angeles Times. The facility in West served primarily as a distribution point for fertilizer to farmers, a retail outfit, not a manufacturing plant, it said in its regulatory filings. A deadly history, ammonium nitrate fertilizer was involved in the worst business industrial accident. History, when a container ship exploded in 1947 in Texas City, texas, killing more than 500 people. It also was combined with fuel and used by timothy McVeigh in the bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma city on April 19, 1995.
October 2017 - chris farm nigeria
A correction has been made to this article. By, bill Dedman, investigative reporter, nbc news, the fertilizer storage facility that exploded this week in the town of West, texas, had informed a state agency in February that it was storing up to 270 tons of ammonium nitrate the highly explosive chemical compound used. The company's risk management plan, filed with the federal Environmental Protection Agency in 2011, made no mention of ammonium nitrate. (Update: reuters news agency reported that the epa does not require disclosure of the ammonium nitrate, but the department of Homeland Security does require that disclosure, which the company did not.). It's not clear whether the ammonium nitrate, which was not initially reported as being present at the site in the wake of Wednesday's massive blast, was responsible for the explosion, or whether volunteer firefighters battling a fire at the facility knew of its presence. Under state law, hazardous chemicals must be disclosed to the community fire department and to the county emergency planning agency, in addition to the state. News reports on diary Thursday focused on tanks of anhydrous ammonia a less volatile fertilizer. Adair Grain, doing business as West Fertilizer., told the texas Department of health Services on Feb.