55 Research on the effect of suppressing information about sexuality awareness in schools showed a correspondence with increases in the level of homophobic bullying by peers, as well as increased incidence in depression and suicide amongst lgbt people trying to come to terms with their. 56 In 1987, Thatcher also declared that "hard left education authorities and extremist teachers" were indoctrinating the nation by teaching the younger generation "political slogans "anti-racist mathematics" and telling their pupils that they have an "inalienable right to be gay rather than "taught to respect. 57 She then went on to say that "all of those children are being cheated of a sound start in life—yes cheated!" 57 However, despite opposition from the conservatives such as david Cameron, 58 Section 28 was eventually repealed in 2003 by the labour government. 60 61 In 2013, same-sex marriage was legalised under Cameron's leadership, 62 which Cameron described as "an important step forward" and said that he thought that "it is right that gay people should be able to get married too". 63 The largest voice against lgbt equality in the uk currently comes from the Church of England over the issue of gay marriage. Labour passed into law in 2005 the ability for same-sex couples to enter civil-partnerships, but they could not take place in a church or be called a "marriage". The Church of England was opposed to the then coalition government's plans (this government came to an end in may 2015) to extend this to "full marriage rights." 64 The British National Party has shifted its platform from recriminalization to an extension of section.
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— "lgbt rights corporate report: Belarus country of Concern, (uk foreign and Commonwealth Office, october 2014) 49 India edit see also: Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code On October 6, 1860, sodomy was legally forbidden in India according to section 377 of the Indian Penal. 50 This was ruled unconstitutional in 2009 by the delhi high court, but reaffirmed on 11 December 2013 by a observation supreme court ruling. 51 Russia edit see also: lgbt rights in Russia lgbt activists in Moscow, opposition to the lgbt rights movement is very prevalent in Russia, including within the Kremlin. President Vladimir Putin enacted laws in 2012 which criminalised education about lgbt issues, calling it " gay propaganda ". It banned telling minors that homosexuality was normal or natural. 52 This was opposed by some western nations with many members of the public in the. And Western Europe calling for a boycott of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. However President Putin assured that all athletes would be respected, regardless of their sexuality 53 and in the event, no boycott occurred. 54 The law passed has been described as taking Russia's lgbt community "from being a stigmatized fringe group to full-blown enemies of the state and has been described as a major contributor to a wave of anti-gay violence by several neo-nazi organisations (such as Occupy. 52 United Kingdom edit see also: lgbt rights in the United Kingdom and lgbt rights in Scotland In 1988, the British Conservative party, who were in government at the time, enacted Section 28 which stated that local authorities must not "intentionally promote boswell homosexuality or publish. Of the acceptability of homosexuality describing families with gay parents as being in a "pretended family relationship".
In 2009 Canadian lgbt activists filed a complaint alleging that the health issues of glb canadians are being neglected by the government, equating it to a violation of the human rights of lgbt people. In the complaint, the activists highlight a life expectancy 20 years less than average for lgb people, with more cases of cancer and hiv and increased rates of suicide, alcoholism and drug use. 48 Opposition in different countries edit belarus edit see also: lgbt rights in Belarus A 2014 report prepared by the United Kingdom, under the conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government of 20102015, raised concerns about lgbt treatment in Belarus : The lgbt community suffered increased. The ministry of Justice denied registration to lgbt groups, and members of the lgbt community were regularly targeted by the security forces and brought in for questioning. The authorities threatened to stigmatise them by informing their colleagues, families, or friends of their sexual revelation orientation. Gay clubs in Minsk and Vitebsk were raided, and those present were filmed and had their details collected. The clubs were then closed down. Gay pride week in Minsk was disrupted by the authorities who forced owners of venues, where events were due to be held, to withdraw at the last minute. Those events that did take place were raided by the police, and a request for a march through the city was turned down by the authorities.
39 gay people are designated.1. On Hubbard's emotional tone scale, and Hubbard urged society to tackle the issue of "sexual perversion" (including homosexuality calling it "of vital importance, if one wishes to stop immorality, and the abuse of children." In Science of Survival, he called for drastic action. Petersburg Times reported that the Church defines marriage as the union between a man and a woman. 41 One year later, in response to a query about the Church's position on homosexuality, the Church of Scientology in 2005 stated: "The Church of Scientology does not dictate sexual preferences. Scientology is a practical method of improving conditions in life and works to increase a person's abilities, give higher iq and better reaction time, greater ability to solve his problems in life things of this nature." 42 see also: lgbt issues in medicine a systematic. 43 The review found that from the research there is in the uk, there are no differences in terms of major health problems between lgbt people and the general population, although lgbt people's general health appears poorer, but with no specific information on common and. 43 Research points to issues encountered from an early age, such as lgbt people being targeted for bullying, assault, and discrimination, as contributing significantly to depression, suicide and other mental health issues in adulthood. 44 One researcher looked at the long-term consequences of bullying at schools, 45 46 and a social researcher has focused on the way lgbt people can experience discriminatory practices in accessing healthcare, and its effects. 47 Some lgbt activists argue that the experience of growing up lgbt contributes to mental health issues in adulthood, and the barriers to accessing appropriate healthcare as adults contribute towards poorer health; they argue that protection of lgbt rights is necessary to minimise the potential.
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Muslim nations insist that such laws are necessary to preserve islamic morality and virtue. Of the nations with a majority of Muslim inhabitants, only lebanon has an organization which is trying to get homosexuality legalized. 31 Indian and East Asian religious opposition edit further information: Homosexuality and Hinduism, buddhism and sexual orientation, homosexuality and taoism, and Homosexuality in China Among the religions that originated in India, including Hinduism, buddhism, jainism and sikhism, teachings regarding homosexuality are less clear than among. Unlike in western religions, homosexuality is rarely discussed. Vasubandhu included homosexuality among homework sexual practices that were forbidden because of their association with foreigners, 32 and the dalai lama has stated that male-female relationships are intended by nature, though without condemning same-sex relationships.
33 Homosexuality is considered to be against the sikh code of conduct, because it is not mentioned in sikh scripture and because sikhs are encouraged to marry, although this matter is not considered very important. 34 In 2005, the head Cleric of the akal takht condemned same-sex marriages, 35 36 Hinduism is diverse, with no supreme governing body, but the majority of swamis opposed the idea of religious same-sex marriage in a 2004 survey, and a minority supported them. 37 There is no mention of homosexuality in the hindu scriptures and it sometimes a taboo subject, but as Hinduism considers it a religious duty to marry and have children, heterosexual relationships are considered the norm. 38 Scientologist opposition edit main article: Scientology and sexual orientation Scientologist founder. Ron Hubbard classified homosexuality as a mental illness and paraphilia (then known as "sexual perversion citing contemporary psychiatric and psychological textbooks to support his view.
Note 3 Christians who take a conservative position on homosexuality endorse this reading of these passages in the belief that God is against same-sex sexual activity, while Christians who take a liberal position believe that these same passages refer to more specific situations, such. 23 Islamic opposition edit further information: Islam and sexual orientation Sodomy is regarded as criminal and forbidden in most Islamic countries, according to Sharia law, and officially carries the death penalty in saudi Arabia, united Arab Emirates, iran, mauritania, nigeria, sudan and Yemen. 24 25 It formerly carried the death penalty in Afghanistan under the taliban. 26 In Egypt, openly gay men have been prosecuted under general public morality laws. Note 4 On the other hand, homosexuality has been legal in Turkey since 1858.
27 In saudi Arabia, the maximum punishment for homosexuality is public execution, but the government will use other punishments. G., fines, jail time, and flagellation as alternatives, unless it feels that lgbt individuals are challenging state authority by engaging in lgbt social movements. 28 Iran is perhaps the nation to execute the largest number of its citizens for homosexuality. Since the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, the Iranian government has executed more than 4,000 people charged with homosexual acts. 29 even though homosexuality is widespread amongst the pashtun ethnic group in southern Afghanistan, 30 after the fall of the taliban, homosexuality went from a capital crime to one that is punished with fines, prison sentences, and vigilante violence. Citation needed most international human rights organizations, such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, condemn laws that make homosexual relations between consenting adults a crime.
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17 Religious reasons for opposition edit main article: Religion and homosexuality see also: Human sexuality Religious sexual morality many forms of religions, including the eastern faiths and Abrahamic faiths, do not support homosexual sex. Evangelical Christianity, 18 Catholicism, 19 Mormonism, 20 Orthodox Judaism, 21 and Islam, 22 hold the view that homosexual sex is a sin and that its practice and acceptance in society weakens moral standards. Christian opposition edit This section needs expansion with: a sub-subsection sketching the position of the catholic Church on the issue, with listing a "see also" to homosexuality and the catholic Church ; Catholic arguments extend far beyond leviticus and Romans and entail discussion of the paradigms. You can help by adding. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. (may 2016) main articles: Christianity and homosexuality, list of Christian denominational positions on homosexuality, and The bible and homosexuality passages in the Old Testament that prohibit man "lie with mankind as with womankind" note 2 and the story of Sodom and Gomorrah have historically been. Several pauline passages have also been cited against male and female homosexuality.
12 Towards the end of the 1960s homosexuality began to be decriminalised and de-medicalised in areas such as the uk, new zealand, australia, north America and Europe, in the context of the sexual revolution and anti-psychiatry movements. Organized opposition to gay and lesbian rights began in the 1970s. 13 Public opinion edit main article: Societal attitudes toward homosexuality societal attitudes towards homosexuality vary greatly in different cultures and different historical periods, as do attitudes toward sexual desire, activity and relationships in general. All cultures have their own norms regarding appropriate and inappropriate sexuality ; some sanction same-sex love and sexuality, while others disapprove of such activities. 14 According to The 2007 Pew Global Attitudes Project, "Throughout Western Europe and much of the Americas, there is widespread tolerance towards homosexuality. However, the United States, japan, south Korea, and Israel stand apart from other wealthy nations on this issue; in each of these countries, fewer than half of those surveyed say homosexuality should be accepted by society. Meanwhile, in most of Africa, asia and the middle east, there is less tolerance toward homosexuality." 15 However, a 2012 cnn farsi poll showed that a majority number of Americans are in favor of gay rights, such as same-sex marriage., a poll of Japanese people also.
and the advance image of what nazi doctors were actually to become: the healer turned killer. Sterilization policies were always associated with the therapeutic and regenerative principles of the biomedical vision: with the "purification of the national body" and the "eradication of morbid hereditary dispositions." Sterilization was considered part of "negative eugenics". 6 It is argued that the numbers of gay people who perished in the holocaust was quite low in comparison to other Holocaust victims, and confined to germany itself, based on estimates that of 50,000 gay people who came before the courts, between 5,000 and. However, many of those who came before the courts were directed (or volunteered) to undergo sterilisation/castration; they would be included with others who, in line with the historic shift in German society (that started with Westphal, and developed through Krafft-Ebing to magnus Hirschfeld, of homosexuality. Those treated by psychiatrists and thereby included in the T4 project to eliminate people with alleged medical disorders would not be reflected in the rates of those dealt with as criminals. After the second World War, the United States became more intolerant of homosexuality, 10 but many gay men and lesbians decided to reveal their gay identities after meeting others in the military. Many gay bars and villages were created, and a whole gay subculture was created. Campaigns for gay rights began to develop, initially in the.
When the nazi party came to power in 1933, one of the party's first acts was to burn down Hirschfeld's Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, where many prominent nazis had been treated for perceived sexual problems. 4 Initially tolerant to the homosexuality of Ernst Röhm and his followers, many gay men were purged from the nazi party following the night of the long Knives and the section 175 Laws began to be enforced again, with gay men interned in concentration camps. Note 1 Under nazi rule in Germany, the dismantling of rights for lgbt individuals was approached in two ways. By strengthening and re-enforcing existing laws that gps had fallen into disuse, male homosexuality was effectively re-criminalised; homosexuality was treated as a medical disorder, but at a social level rather than individual level intended to reduce the incidence of homosexuality. The treatment was a program of eugenics, starting with sterilisation, then a system of working people to death in forced labour camps, and eventually refined by medical scientists to include euthanasia. The driving force was the elimination of perceived degeneracy at various levels genetic, social, identity and practice, and the elimination of such genetic material in society. Lifton wrote about this in his book the nazi doctors :.
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Lgbt rights opposition is the summary opposition to legal rights, proposed or enacted, for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Organizations influential in, lgbt rights opposition frequently oppose the enactment of laws making same-sex marriage legal, the passage of anti-discrimination laws aimed at curtailing anti-lgbt discrimination, including in employment and housing, the passage of anti-bullying laws to protect lgbt minors, laws decriminalizing same-gender relationships, and. These groups are often religious or socially conservative in nature. Such opposition can be motivated by religion, moral beliefs, homophobia, transphobia, bigotry, 1 animosity, 2 political ideologies, or other reasons. Laws that lgbt rights opponents may be opposed to include civil unions or partnerships, lgbt parenting and adoption, military service, access to assisted reproductive technology, and access to sex reassignment surgery and hormone replacement therapy for transgender individuals. Contents History edit Students organised by the nazi party parade in front of the Institute for Sexual Research in Berlin on, before pillaging it and confiscating its books and photos for burning. The first organized gay rights movement arose in the late nineteenth century in Germany. S and into the early 1930s, there were lgbt communities in cities like berlin; German-Jewish sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld was one of the most notable spokespeople for lgbt rights at this time.