48 For several days, Clinton refused to concede the race, although she signaled her presidential campaign was ending in a post-primary speech on June 3 in her home state of New York. 49 She finally conceded the nomination to Obama on June. She pledged her full support to the presumptive nominee and vowed to do everything she could to help him get elected. 50 Republican Party nomination edit main articles: Republican Party presidential primaries, 20 Republican National Convention Not only was the 2008 election the first time since 1952 that neither the incumbent president nor the incumbent vice president was a candidate in the general election, but. 51 election was also the third presidential election since 1896 in which neither the incumbent president, the incumbent vice president, nor a current or former member of the incumbent president's Cabinet won the nomination of either major party the others being. 53 With no members of the bush administration emerging as major contenders for the republican nomination, the republican race was as open as the democratic race. Candidate edit main article: Republican Party presidential candidates, 2008 Withdrawn candidates edit mitt Romney, former governor of Massachusetts (withdrew on February 7, 2008 and endorsed John McCain) mike huckabee, former governor of Arkansas (withdrew on March 4, 2008 and endorsed John McCain) Ron paul,.
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43 There was some speculation that the fight over the delegates could last until the convention in August. On may 31, 2008, the rules and Bylaws Committee of the democratic Party reached a compromise on the Florida and Michigan delegate situation. The committee decided to seat words delegates from Michigan and Florida at essays the convention in August, but to only award each a half-vote. 44 Clinching the nomination edit 2008 dnc during Stevie wonder's performance The major political party nomination process (technically) continues through June of an election year. In previous cycles, the candidates were effectively chosen by the end of the primaries held in March, but, in this cycle, however, barack Obama did not win enough delegates to secure the nomination until June 3, after a 17-month campaign against Hillary Clinton. He had a wide lead in states won, while Clinton had won majorities in several of the larger states. Now, because a form of proportional representation and popular vote decided Democratic state delegate contests, numbers were close between Clinton and Obama. 45 by may, clinton claimed to hold a lead in the popular vote, but the Associated Press found that her numbers were "accurate only" in one close scenario. 46 In June, after the last of the primaries had taken place, obama secured the democratic nomination for President, with the help of multiple super delegate endorsements (most of the super delegates had refused to declare their support for either candidate until the primaries were. 47 he was the first African American to win the nomination of a major political party in the United States.
41 Although she did manage to win the majority of the remaining primaries and delegates, it was not enough to overcome Obama's substantial delegate lead. Florida and Michigan edit during late guaranteed 2007, the two parties adopted rules against states' moving their primaries to an earlier date in the year. For the republicans, the penalty for this violation was supposed to be the loss of half the state party's delegates to the convention. The democratic penalty was the complete exclusion from the national convention of delegates from states that broke these rules. The democratic Party allowed only four states to hold elections before february 5, 2008. Initially, the democratic leadership said it would strip all delegates from Florida and Michigan, which had moved their primaries into january. In addition, all major Democratic candidates agreed officially not to campaign in Florida or Michigan, and Edwards and Obama removed their names from the michigan ballot. Clinton won a majority of delegates and popular votes from both states (though 40 voted uncommitted in Michigan) and subsequently led a fight to seat all the Florida and Michigan delegates. 42 Political columnist Christopher Weber noted that while her action was self-serving, it was also "pragmatic to forestall" Florida or Michigan voters becoming so disaffected they did not vote for Democrats in the general election.
32 Indiana and North Carolina edit On may 6, north Carolina and Indiana held their Democratic presidential primaries. Clinton and Obama campaigned aggressively there before the voting took place. The candidates acknowledged the importance of these primaries and said they were turning point states that could make or break either of their campaigns. 35 Polling had shown Obama a few points ahead in North Carolina and Clinton similarly leading in Indiana. 36 37 pdf In the actual results, Obama outperformed the polls by several points in both states, winning by a significant margin in North Carolina 38 and losing by only.1 in Indiana (50.56.44). 39 After these primaries, most pundits declared that it had become "increasingly improbable if not impossible, for Clinton to win the nomination. 40 The small win in Indiana barely kept her campaign alive for the next month.
24 30 She also carried the primary in Texas, but Obama won the texas caucuses held the same day and netted more delegates from the state than Clinton. 31 Only one state held a primary in April. This was Pennsylvania, on April. Although Obama made a strong effort to win Pennsylvania, hillary Clinton won that primary by nearly 10, with approximately 55 of the vote. 32 Obama had outspent Clinton three to one in Pennsylvania, but his comment at a san Francisco fundraiser that small-town Americans "cling" to guns and religion drew sharp criticism from the Clinton campaign and may have hurt his chances in the keystone State. 33 In addition, Clinton had several advantages in Pennsylvania. Throughout the primary process, she relied on the support of older, white, working class voters. Pennsylvania held a closed primary, which means that only registered Democrats could vote, and, according to ron Elving of npr, the established Democratic electorate "was older, whiter, more catholic and more working-class than in most of the primaries to date." 34 After Pennsylvania, obama had. Clinton, however, had received the endorsement of more superdelegates than Obama.
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5." 17 In what is considered a turning point for her campaign, Clinton had a strong performance at the saint Anselm College, abc, and Facebook debates several days before the new Hampshire primary as well as an emotional interview in a public your broadcast live. 18 Clinton won that primary by 2 of the vote, contrary to the predictions of pollsters who consistently had her trailing Obama for a few days up to the primary date. 16 Clinton's win was the first time a woman had ever won a major American party's presidential primary for the purposes of delegate selection. 19 On January 30, 2008, after placing in third in the new Hampshire and south Carolina primaries, Edwards announced that he was suspending his campaign for the presidency, but he did not initially endorse any remaining candidates. 20 21 Super tuesday edit super tuesday occurred on February 5, 2008, during which the largest-ever number of simultaneous state primary elections was held. 22 Super tuesday ended up leaving the democrats in a virtual tie, with Obama amassing 847 delegates to Clinton's 834 from the 23 states that held Democratic primaries.
23 California was one of the super tuesday states that could provide a large number of delegates to the candidates. Obama trailed in the california polling by an average.0 before the primary; he ended up losing that state.3 of the vote. 24 Some analysts cited a large " Latino " turnout that voted for Clinton as the deciding factor. 25 The louisiana, nebraska, hawaii, wisconsin,. Virgin Islands, the district of Columbia, maryland, and Virginia primaries and the washington and maine caucuses all took place after Super tuesday in February. Obama won all of them, giving him 10 consecutive victories after Super tuesday. 26 27 Ohio, texas, and Pennsylvania edit On March 4, hillary Clinton carried Ohio and Rhode Island in the democratic primaries; some considered these wins, especially Ohio, a "surprise upset" by 10, 28 29 although essay she did lead in the polling averages in both states.
7 Clinton announced intentions to run in the democratic primaries on January 20, 2007. 8 Obama announced his candidacy on February 10 in his home state of Illinois. 8 None of the candidates received a significant bounce in their poll numbers after their official announcements. 9 Through most of 2007, even after it was evident that Al Gore would not run, he and Edwards each hovered between the third and fourth place spots in the polls behind Clinton and Obama. 10 "Front-runner" status is dependent on the news agency reporting, and by October 2007, the consensus listed the three aforementioned candidates as leading the pack after several debate performances.
The washington Post listed Clinton, Edwards, and Obama as the front runners, "leading in polls and fundraising and well ahead of the other major candidates." 11 Clinton led in nearly all nationwide opinion polling until January 2008. 10 Actor, comedian, and future late Show host Stephen Colbert mounted his own campaign for the nomination in his home state of south Carolina. He announced his run for president on his former talk show, The colbert Report, on October 16, 2007. 12 Public Opinion Strategies conducted a poll and found Colbert nationally in fifth place.3 behind Biden's.7. 13 Early primaries and caucuses edit early in the year, the support for Barack Obama started to increase in the polls, and he passed Clinton for the top spot in Iowa; he ended up winning the caucus in that state, with John Edwards coming. 14 Obama's win was fueled mostly by first time caucus-goers and Independents and showed voters viewed him as the "candidate of change." 14 Iowa has since been viewed as the state that jump-started Obama's campaign and set him on track to win both the nomination. 15 After the iowa caucus, joe biden and Christopher Dodd withdrew from the nomination contest. 14 Obama became the new front runner in New Hampshire, when his poll numbers skyrocketed after his Iowa victory 16 The Clinton campaign was struggling after a huge loss in Iowa and no strategy beyond the early primaries and caucuses. According to The vancouver Sun, campaign strategists had "mapped a victory scenario that envisioned the former first lady wrapping up the democratic presidential nomination by super tuesday on Feb.
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Senator from Indiana (withdrew on December word 15, 2007 and endorsed Hillary Clinton. He later endorsed Barack Obama) Tom Vilsack, former governor of Iowa (withdrew on February 23, 2007 and endorsed Hillary Clinton. He later endorsed Barack Obama) Before the primaries edit media speculation had begun almost immediately after the results of the 2004 presidential election were released. In the 2006 midterm elections, the democrats regained majorities in both houses of the. 4 Early polls taken before anyone had announced book a candidacy had shown Senators Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama as the most popular potential Democratic candidates. 5 nevertheless, the media speculated on several other candidates, including Al Gore, the runner-up in the 2000 election ; John Kerry, the runner-up in the 2004 election ; John Edwards, kerry's running mate in 2004; Senator from Delaware joe biden ; New Mexico governor Bill. 6 Edwards was one of the first to formally announce his candidacy for the presidency, on December 28, 2006. This run would be his second attempt at the presidency.
Contents Nominations edit manager democratic Party nomination edit main articles: Democratic Party presidential primaries, 20emocratic National Convention Candidate edit main article: Democratic Party presidential candidates, 2008 Withdrawn candidates edit hillary Clinton,. Senator from New York (withdrew on June 7, 2008 and endorsed Barack Obama) John Edwards, former. Senator from North Carolina (withdrew on January 30, 2008 and endorsed Barack Obama) Bill Richardson, governor of New Mexico (withdrew on January 10, 2008 and endorsed Barack Obama) Dennis Kucinich,. Representative from Ohio (withdrew on January 24, 2008 and endorsed Barack Obama) joe biden,. Senator from Delaware (withdrew on January 3, 2008 and endorsed Barack Obama) mike gravel, former. Senator from Alaska (withdrew on March 25, 2008 to run for the libertarian Party nomination. After losing the nomination, he endorsed Jesse johnson ) Christopher Dodd,. Senator from Connecticut (withdrew on January 3, 2008 and endorsed Barack Obama) evan bayh,.
2008 Republican National Convention. Obama campaigned on the theme that " Washington must change while McCain emphasized his experience. The campaign was strongly affected by the onset of a major financial crisis, which peaked in September 2008. McCain's decision to suspend his campaign during the height of the financial crisis backfired as voters viewed his response as erratic. Obama won a decisive victory over McCain, winning the Electoral College and the popular vote by a sizable margin. Obama swept the northeastern United States and won the swing states of the west, the midwest, and the south. With 365 electoral votes, Obama received the largest share of the popular vote won by a democrat since lyndon. As of the 2016 presidential election Obama's total count.5 million votes still stands as the largest tally ever won by a presidential candidate.
Bush, was ineligible to pursue a third term due to the resume term limits established by the 22nd Amendment. As neither Bush nor Vice President. Dick Cheney sought the presidency, the 2008 election was the first election since 1952 in which neither major party's presidential nominee was the incumbent president or the incumbent vice president. Republican nomination by march 2008, defeating, mitt Romney, mike huckabee, and other challengers. The democratic primaries were marked by a sharp contest between Obama and the initial front-runner, senator Hillary Clinton. Clinton's victory in the new Hampshire primary made her the first woman to win a major party's presidential primary. Nb 1 After a long primary season, Obama clinched the democratic nomination in June 2008. Early campaigning focused heavily on the Iraq War and Bush's unpopularity.
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For related races, see, united States elections, 2008. The, united States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on tuesday, november 4, 2008. Democratic ticket of, barack Obama, a, senator from, illinois, and, joe biden, a long-time. Senator from, delaware, defeated the, republican ticket of, senator. John McCain of, arizona and, governor, sarah Palin of, alaska. Obama became the first, african American ever to be elected as president.