Hamlet says, Ill have these players play something like the murder of my father before mine uncle. Ill observe his looks, Ill tent him to the quick (II. After seeing Claudius response to the play, hamlet confirms the kings guilt and proceeds with his plan to kill him. Hamlet has a stronger conscience than Fortinbras or laertes, therefore, he gives the most thought to his revenge. Even after Hamlet decides to kill Claudius, he continues to question how his revenge will affect himself, as well as, the king. In Hamlets to be, or not to be soliloquy, he says, Thus conscience does make cowards of us all (III.
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However, upon his fathers command, hamlet reluctantly swears to retaliate against Claudius. Hamlet does this only because his father makes it clear that it is his duty as a son. Hamlet promises to prove his love and duty by killing Claudius. Hamlet, unlike fortinbras and laertes, did not follow what his advisor told him to do without questioning why he should take the action. As time passes, hamlet still has not acted out the revenge he promised his father. Out of disgust for his discourtesy for his father he says, why, what an ass am I! This is most brave, that i, the son of a dear father murdered, prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell, must like a whore, unpack my heart finder with words and fall a-cursing like a very drab (II. This statement prompts one to believe hamlet has been convinced by his fathers words to act, but does not want to do it so hastily. Hamlet questions the validity of his revenge by devising a plan to provide evidence of King Claudius guilt. Hamlet takes advantage of his position at the local theater by instructing his actors to perform a play, which reenacts a murder similar to his fathers. Then based on Claudius response to the play, hamlet could conclude his guilt or innocence.
In the end, he is thesis greatly rewarded. Because of his persistent doubt of whether Claudius did in fact kill his father, hamlet defers making plans to act out his revenge. Hamlet is the hardest of the three sons to be influenced to act vengefully. Although deeply sorrowed by his fathers death, he did not consider payback as an option until he meets with the ghost of his father. The ghost tells Hamlet that King Claudius, his own brother, murdered him. The ghost then tells Hamlet to revenge his foul and most unnatural murder (I.v.29). Although murder is an acceptable form of revenge in Hamlets time he is uncertain about killing Claudius.
Horatio, a friend of Hamlets, said, As it doth well appear unto our state, but to recover of us by strong hand and terms compulsatory, those foresaid lands so by his father lost (I.i.114-117). By this, horatio is saying Fortinbras plans to forcefully regain the type land King Hamlet took from King Fortinbras. Fortunately, king Claudius, the new King of Denmark intervenes and sends two courtiers, cornelius and Voltemand, to norway in hopes of convincing the new King of Norway, fortinbras uncle, to prevent the attack. Upon hearing the message, fortinbras uncle vetoes Fortinbras plan to wage war on Denmark. However, he encourages Fortinbras to employ his anger, against the polack in order to vent his rage (II. After taking the advice of his uncle, fortinbras additionally margaret makes vow before his uncle never more to have thassay of arms against your majesty, (II. This intervention could be what saves Fortinbras life. With the counseling of his uncle, fortinbras is able to put aside his longing to settle the score for his fathers murder.
All three men seek revenge for the murder of their fathers. Revenge overcomes anyone who seeks it, and it takes over Hamlet. Initially, after each of the murders, every son had a definite course of action to obtain vengeance. Or in Hamlets case the choice was to seek no vengeance. As the play unfolds, each young man approaches the desire for revenge and chooses a different path towards gaining it, based on the guidance of another character in the play. Fortinbras good decisions and self-control, as well as Hamlet and laertes bad decisions can be attributed to the outside guidance they receive. Fortinbras, son of the slain King of Norway, is the first to seek revenge. Although King Hamlet, the now deceased King of Denmark, held sole responsibility for the death of King Fortinbras, young Prince fortinbras seeks vengeance toward the entire country of Denmark.
Hamlet Essay topics - shakespeare Online
Nothing can side track him from what he knows he must do to avenge his father. Hamlet, the protagonist in the play, suffers from melancholia, to which most of his actions can be credited. S constant challenging of himself and his actions makes him unable to act on his desires consistently during the play. Hamlet then becomes deeply absorbed in different emotions and moods that are currently affecting him, such as the rage of his father? S death followed by the happy occasion of the players?
Visit to the castle. Hamlet will not permit his plans to be changed or delayed, except by himself, in order to remain in control of his own fate. As you can see, each of his decisions and actions was determined and, partially, predicted by his melancholic nature. Revenge Is Not The Answer Essay, research Paper. Revenge is Not the Answer, shakespearean tragedies are known for constant dramatic themes. In Hamlet, Shakespeare uses revenge as a major theme present throughout the work. Revenge plays a crucial role in the development of Fortinbras (Prince of Norway operations hamlet (Prince of Denmark and laertes (son of Polonius).
The players come to put on a play and Hamlet focuses all of his time and energy on the performance. He wants to achieve his goal of catching? The conscience of the king? Hamlet has once again forgotten everything he was concerned with and is now only interested in one small part of his life. S behavior shows that he is wrapped up in the mood or feeling he is currently in, whether it be depressed or happiness. S for the motives of the actions of those around him are due to his melancholic nature.
He does not like to be taken advantage of and he would like for everyone to be honest with him as he is, with them. S friends have been sent for by the king and queen to find the reason behind his current state of mind. Were you not sent for? Is it tour own inclining? Is it free visitation? Come, come, deal justly with me? (ii, ii, 256-8) he is demanding an answer from his friends as to their unexplained arrival. From the time the ghost originally speaks to hamlet to the final act of the play, hamlet is a man obsessed with a sense of obligation.
SparkNotes: Hamlet: Study questions
Now Hamlet gives in to his passions rather than write debating them, which in turn brings more positive actions than lengthy excuses for his failure to act. S melancholy is also displayed by his overwhelming emotion for any mood he is currently. Biggest of all is the death of his father, after which he sinks into a great depression that traps his mind and year spirit for the rest of the play. It is more complicated than a simple state of mourning. Hamlet has become obsessive about preserving the memory and integrity of the former king. Hamlet is the last person in the kingdom to continue mourning for his father, and shows his sadness by dressing only in? While his mother sees his choice of clothing as showing his complete emotion, hamlet tells her that it? Does not denote me truly? His real emotions are much stronger than the simple decision of what to wear.
Thinking too precisely on th? (iv, iv, 41) has taken so long that he misses the opportunity to complete his responsibility. Hamlet is led to even more contemplation before he is able to move on to the secondary plan of action resulting from the failure of the first. You can see that Hamlet is able to recognize his pattern of behavior when he says? I do not know why yet write I live to say? Sith I have cause and will and strength and means to do? By seeing the source of his inability to act, hamlet is now capable of correcting.
His continuos introspection as to how he is thinking, behaving, and feeling at any given time keep him from acting swiftly on the commands given to him by the ghost of his father. During all this time hamlet still shows occasional signs of intelligence as he should. Hamlet is after all, an educated man. He refuses to perform his given duty without first questioning each area of the task at hand. He ponders the consequences of the task then he questions his very own position on the issue. Because of this, his?
The conduct of Hamlet causes him to become the exact definition of melancholy, as plan defined by the medical field over the years. The time in which. Shakespeare lived and wrote this play was a time where the medical profession was just beginning. The people depended on ancient theories and practices that are no longer used in the medical field today. It was believed that black bile was a fluid found in the body. Any person with an excess amount of blood or fluids was believed to be in the state of melancholy. Hamlet was viewed as being composed of too much black bile which placed him as melancholic. Skepticism, a stubborn outlook and attitude about life, self absorption, and excessive gloomy response to recent events are all symptoms of melancholy.
Hamlet and His Problems
Hamlet And Melancholy Essay, research Paper. In the play hamlet, written by william Shakespeare, hamlet is greatly affected in his thoughts and his actions by his ever changing state of melancholy. Melancholia is a medical term categorized by extreme depression, apathy, and withdrawal. Hamlet gives in to this illness and throughout the play he shows several characteristics. Hamlet being so self-centered steers him away from performing the vigorous duties he has been chosen to do by the ghost of his father and also himself. Hamlet develops a wariness of family and companions that keeps him from incriminating himself and destroying his plans for revenge. In the end, it is Hamlet? S perseverance and determination that keeps him focused on his plan and gives him a relentlessness essay with which he pursues his goal.