Competition for jobs with established newspapers and magazines will be particularly strong because employment in the publishing industry is projected to decline. Writers and authors who have adapted to online and social media, and who are comfortable writing for and working with a variety of electronic and digital tools, should have an advantage in finding work. The declining costs of self-publishing and the growing popularity of electronic books will allow many freelance writers to have their work published. Employment projections data for writers and authors, 2016-26 Occupational Title soc code Employment, 2016 Projected Employment, 20-26 Employment by Industry percent Numeric Writers and authors,200 141,200 8 10,000 xlsx Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The link(s) below go to oes data maps for employment and wages by state and area.
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Writers and authors against must understand how readers react to certain ideas in order to connect with their audience. Writers and authors must be able to write clearly and effectively in order to convey feeling and emotion and communicate with readers. Pay writers and Authors Median annual wages, may 2017 Writers and authors 61,820 Media and communication workers 56,340 Total, all occupations 37,690 The median annual wage for writers and authors was 61,8The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation. The lowest 10 percent earned less than 30,520, and the highest 10 percent earned more than 118,760. In may 2017, the median annual wages for writers and authors in the top industries in which they worked were as follows: Professional, scientific, and technical services 63,520 Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations 63,490 Performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries 62,590 Information. Writers and Authors Percent change in employment, projected 2016-26 Writers and authors Total, all occupations Media and communication workers Employment of writers and authors is projected to grow 8 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Online publications and services are growing in number and sophistication, spurring demand for writers and authors with Web and multimedia experience. Some experienced writers should find work in the public relations departments of corporations and nonprofit organizations. Self-employed or freelance writers and authors may find work with newspaper, magazine, or journal publishers, and some will write books. Job Prospects Strong competition is expected for most job openings, given that many people are attracted to this occupation.
Having published work that has been well received and maintaining a track record of meeting deadlines are important for advancement. Many editors begin work as writers. Those who are particularly skilled at identifying stories, correcting writing style, and interacting with writers may be interested in editing jobs. Writers and authors need to be able to adapt to newer software platforms and programs, including various content management systems (CMS). Writers and authors must be able to develop new and interesting plots, characters, reviews or ideas so they can come up with new stories. Writers and authors must have dual expertise in thinking through or understanding new concepts, and conveying it through writing. Writers and authors sometimes work on projects that take years to complete. They must demonstrate perseverance and personal drive to meet deadlines. Writers, especially those in advertising, must be able to persuade others to feel a certain way about a good or service.
Licenses, certifications, and Registrations Some associations offer certifications for writers and authors. Certification can demonstrate competence and professionalism, making candidates more attractive to employers. For example, the American Grant Writers Association (agwa) offers the certified Grant Writer credential. Certification can also increase opportunities for advancement. Advancement Beginning writers and authors can get a start and put their name on work immediately by writing for small businesses, local newspapers, advertising agencies, and nonprofit organizations. However, opportunities for advancement within these organizations may be limited because they parts usually do not have enough regular work. Writers and authors can advance their careers further by building a reputation, taking on more complex writing assignments, and getting published in more prestigious markets and publications.
Interns may write stories, conduct research and interviews, and gain general publishing experience. Employers also increasingly prefer new applicants to have the ability to code and program webpages or manipulate data to create a visual story using tables, charts, infographics, and maps. Online publications require knowledge of computer software and editing tools that are used to combine text with graphics, audio, video, and animation. In addition, anyone with Internet access can start a blog and gain writing experience. Some of this writing may lead to paid assignments regardless of education, because the quality of writing, the unique perspective, and the size of the potential audience are the greatest determinants of success for a piece of writing. Writers or authors can come from a variety of backgrounds and experiences as long as they demonstrate strong writing skills. Training Writers and authors typically need to gain writing experience through on-the-job training. They may practice writing and work with more experienced writers and editors before their work is ready for publication. Writers who want to write about a particular topic may need formal training or experience related to that topic.
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Jobs are somewhat concentrated in major media and entertainment markets—Los Angeles, new York, and Washington, dc—but improved communications and Internet capabilities allow writers and authors to work from almost anywhere. Some writers and authors prefer to work outside these cities and travel regularly to meet with publishers and clients and to perform research or conduct in-person interviews. Work Schedules About 1 in 4 writers and authors worked part time in 2016. Some writers keep regular office hours, either to stay in contact with sources and editors or to set up a writing routine, but many writers set their own hours. Others may need to work evenings and weekends to produce something acceptable for writing an editor or client. Self-employed or freelance writers and authors may face the pressures of juggling multiple projects or continually looking for new work.
How to become a writer or Author Writers and authors may have to manage multiple assignments simultaneously. A college degree in English, journalism, or communications is generally required for a salaried position as a writer or author. Education A bachelors degree is typically needed for a full-time job as a writer. Because writing skills are essential in this occupation, many employers prefer candidates with a degree in English, journalism, or communications. Other Work Experience Writers can obtain job experience by working for high school and college newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations, advertising and publishing companies, or nonprofit organizations. College theater programs offer playwrights an opportunity to have their work performed. Many magazines and newspapers also have internships for students.
Content writers write about any topic of interest, unlike writers who usually specialize in a given field. Biographers write a thorough account of a persons life. They gather information from interviews and research about the person to accurately portray important events in that person's life. Bloggers write posts to a blog that may pertain to any topic or a specific field, such as fashion, news, or sports. Novelists write books of fiction, creating characters and plots that may be imaginary or based on real events. Playwrights write scripts for theatrical productions.
They come up with a concept, write lines for actors to say, produce stage direction for actors to follow, and suggest ideas for theatrical set design. Screenwriters create scripts for movies and television. They may produce original stories, characters, and dialogue, or turn a book into a movie or television script. Speechwriters write speeches for business leaders, politicians, and others who must speak in front of an audience. A speech is heard, not read, which means speechwriters must think about audience reaction and rhetorical effect. Work Environment Writers and authors may work in an office or wherever they have access to a computer. Writers and authors held about 131,2The largest employers of writers and authors were as follows: Self-employed workers 64 Professional, scientific, and technical services 10 Information 10 Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations 4 Performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries 3 Writers and authors.
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Writers and authors gps select the material they want to father's use and then convey the information to readers. With help from editors, they may revise or rewrite sections, searching for the clearest language and the most appropriate phrasing. Some writers and authors are self-employed or freelance writers and authors. They sell their written content to book and magazine publishers; news organizations; advertising agencies; and movie, theater, and television producers. They may be hired to complete specific short-term or recurring assignments, such as writing a newspaper column, contributing to a series of articles in a magazine, or producing an organizations newsletter. An increasing number of writers are producing material that is published only on the Internet, such as for digital news organizations or blogs. The following are examples of types of writers and authors: Copywriters prepare advertisements to promote the sale of a good or service. They often work with a client to produce written content, such as advertising themes, jingles, and slogans.
Writers and authors develop written content for various types of media, including essay advertisements; books; magazines; movie, play, and television scripts; and blogs. Duties, writers and authors typically do the following: Choose subject matter that interests readers. Write fiction or nonfiction through scripts, novels, biographies, and more. Conduct research to obtain factual information and authentic detail. Write advertising copy for newspapers, magazines, broadcasts, and the Internet. Present drafts to editors and clients for feedback. Work with editors and clients to shape the material so it can be published. Writers must establish their credibility with editors and readers through clean prose, strong research, and the use of appropriate sources and citations.
skill, such as blogging, is beneficial. Pay, the median annual wage for writers and authors was 61,8Job Outlook, employment of writers and authors is projected to grow 8 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Strong competition is expected for full-time jobs because many people are attracted to this occupation. State area data, explore resources for employment and wages by state and area for writers and authors. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of writers and authors with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to O*NET. Learn more about writers and authors by visiting additional resources, including O*net, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations. What Writers and Authors do, writers and authors perform research in order to give their stories authentic detail.
This guide may be reproduced wholly or in part, by any means whatsoever, including mirroring on other Web servers, without prior written consent of the author. Printing diary out sections for a student's personal reference or class practice is permitted as long as the source is indicated. Linking to this site is encouraged; notifying us is appreciated. Copyright 2004; Hartford, connecticut. Summary, writers and authors develop written content. What Writers and Authors do, writers and authors develop written content for various types of media, including advertisements; books; magazines; movie, play, and television scripts; and blogs. Writers and authors work in an office, at home, or anywhere they have access to a computer. About 2 in 3 writers and authors were self-employed in 2016.
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