Arab spokesmen conducted a vigorous campaign against those accused of facilitating the transfer of Arab lands to jewish ownership: a number of small land owners were persuaded to register their lands as family waqfs (a form of trust under Moslem religious law) to save them. The ventilation of this grievance proceeded side by side with a sustained Press denunciation of government's policy for the admission into palestine of Jewish immigrants, the number of which in 1935 had totalled nearly 62,000. Simultaneously in the Press a strong campaign was maintained criticizing the preference given by jewish employers to jewish casual and other labour to the exclusion of Arabs. In paragraphs 12 and 13 of the Introductory Chapter of the Annual Report for 1935, reference was made to two internal incidents which had occurred in the autumn of 1935 and which had served to foment the already existing Arab malaise:- ( a ) the. All Arabs-in view of the name of the consignee who was never traced- assumed that these armaments were destined for Palestinian Jewry. ( b ) The short terrorist campaign of Sheikh izzedin al Qassan which ended in his death in an encounter with the palestine police and in his subsequent apotheosis as a national hero-martyr.
British Mandate of Palestine - wikipedia
M.G., was lyddie appointed Chief Inspector, land Registration. Rose, formerly Crown counsel, northern Rhodesia, was appointed Solicitor-General. Fry was appointed Director of Programmes, palestine Broadcasting Service. Jones, formerly Executive engineer Kenya, was appointed Assistant Director of Public Works. Le mare, formerly Assistant Treasurer, nigeria, was appointed a senior Assistant Treasurer. Horwill was appointed Examiner of Banks. Lieutenant the honourable. Hovell-Thurlow-Cumming-Bruce, was appointed Aide-de-camp to his Excellency the high Commissioner. The year 1936 in Palestine was dominated by the disturbances which lasted throughout the country from the 19th April to the 12th October. The autumn of 1935 had been marked by considerable political disquiet and by demonstrations of Arab discontent over Jewish immigration and the sales of Arab lands to jewish buyers.
Macdonald, formerly Assistant Auditor, federated Malay states, was appointed Senior Assistant Auditor. Rogers was appointed Principal of the government Trade School at haifa. McDowall was appointed Woman Medical Officer. Manning, formerly puisne judge, trinidad, reviews was appointed Senior puisne judge. Evans, formerly senior Crown counsel, sierra leone, was appointed Relieving President of a district court. Shaw, formerly resident Magistrate, kenya, was appointed Relieving President of a district court. Bourke, formerly legal Adviser and Crown Prosecutor, seychelles, was appointed a chief Magistrate. Hogan was appointed a chief Magistrate.
B.E., deputy director of daddy Public Works, retired on pension. The following appointments were made:-. Tweedy was appointed Press Officer, in succession. B.E., whose contract of service with the government had expired. Gutch, Assistant Colonial Secretary, gold coast, was appointed Establishment Officer, secretariat. Church, Assistant District Commissioner, somaliland, was appointed Assistant Secretary. Craig-Bennett was appointed Chief Fisheries Officer. Sale, formerly in mauritius, was appointed Conservator of Forests. Kennedy-Shaw was appointed Departmental Assistant, department of Antiquities.
In Jaffa a large majority of the people are Arabs, and in Nablus, apart from a small community of Samaritans, all the people are Arabs. Other important towns where the population consists of both Arabs and Jews are hebron, 20 miles to the south of Jerusalem; Tiberias, on the western shore of the sea of Galilee; and Safad, a remote town in mountainous country in the extreme north of Palestine. Changes in personnel 1936. During the year, the following left Palestine:- his Honour. C., senior puisne judge, supreme court, was appointed Chief Justice, fiji. C., solicitor-General, was appointed Attorney-general, cyprus. Baker, President, district court, was appointed puisne judge, nigeria. Foster, deputy postmaster-General, and.
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The "former rain" in October and november is not usually large; during December, january and February, the rainfall steadily increases; in March it begins to abate, and it is practically ended in April. The characteristic winds are the moist west and south-west of winter and the dry north and north-west of summer. Desert heat is brought by the sirocco from the hot deserts of the south or east generally in April and may and occasionally in September and October. Along the greater part of the western seaboard lies a stretch of fertile plain of sand and sandy loam soil. In the south this plain has an average width of about 20 miles, but it gradually narrows to the north until at mount Carmel, near haifa, the hills approach to within a few hundred yards of the sea. Beyond Carmel the plain widens again, but in this area it is marshy and malarial. The second strip consists of two distinct mountainous regions divided sharply by the plain of Esdraelon.
To the north of that plain are the mountains of Galilee extending beyond the syrian frontier and rising to jebel Jermak to a height of 3,934 feet above shredded sea-level; to the south are the mountains of Samaria and Judea, which in places reach heights little. Most of this second strip of country is desolate and stony, but at irregular intervals there occur stretches of fertile land capable of deep tillage. The plain of Esdraelon, which cuts so sharply through the mountain system of Palestine, is roughly triangular in shape. Though the soil is here of a heavier and more clayey texture than that of the coastal plain, Esdraelon is proverbially fertile and is especially suitable for cereal production. The third and eastern strip of country is the jordan valley, a natural depression which, starting from sea-level in the extreme north of the country, falls gradually to a depth of 1,300 feet below that level at the dead sea, about 100 miles to the. The capital of Palestine is Jerusalem, situated in the midst of the hills of Judea, and the principal towns are haifa, with its modern harbour, in the north at the entrance to the plain of Esdraelon; Jaffa, a second port which lies some 40 miles. Jerusalem has a majority of Jewish inhabitants; in haifa the Arab and Jewish elements are now approximately equal in numbers; Tel-aviv is an entirely jewish township of 150,000 inhabitants.
In the central highlands there is a greater range of temperature both daily and seasonal, and the maximum temperature is a few degrees lower than in the coastal plains. Snow and hail occasionally fall in Jerusalem and Hebron, and the winter storms are accompanied by penetrating winds which necessitate the use of clothing suitable for a cold English climate. The jordan valley is tropical. The high air pressure and the excessive heat in summer combine to produce most oppressive conditions, but the winter in this region is warm and balmy. The maritime plain and the central highlands are both healthy, though the one, on account of greater humidity, is relaxing in its effects, while the other, through sudden changes of temperature, predisposes to chills and respiratory complaints. The following records are typical of the three climatic zones.
Maritime, plain, haifa, central, highlands, jerusalem, jordan, valley, tiberias, mean temperature. Mean daily maximum temperature, mean daily minimum, absolute maximum temperature, absolute minimum temperature. Relative humidity, summer, winter, summer, winter, summer, winter, summer, winter, summer, winter 77F. Rainfall is of vital importance in Palestine and any reduction in its quantity arouses concern for the prospects of agriculture and water conservation generally. The mean volume of annual rainfall is roughly equal to that of the rainfall in the east of England. There are two well-marked periods of precipitation.
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The average length of Palestine from south to north is about 160 miles and its extreme width from east to west is less than 70 miles, the total area being approximately 10,100 square gender miles inclusive of a water area of 261 square miles (the dead. In size it is therefore comparable with Wales or Belgium. The climate of Palestine, affected by the neighbouring deserts of Arabia and Nubia as well as by nearby temperate zones, is characterized generally by a dry, warm, but not excessively hot summer, and a mild winter with heavy periodical rainfalls accompanied by high, cold winds;. But the typical climate is varied by the diverse topography of the country. In the south and south-west there are wide expanses of sand dunes and desert. The remainder of the country falls naturally into three longitudinal strips-the maritime plain, the mountainous regions (or central highlands and the jordan valley. Each of these strips, which are more closely described below, is climatically distinct. The climate of the maritime plain is warm but equable; the heat of summer and the cold of winter are both tempered by the westerly winds from the mediterranean.
And., longitude 34. And 35 30'. On the south-west it is bounded by Egyptian territory, on the south-east by the gulf of Aqaba, on the east by Trans-Jordan, on the north by the French Mandated territories of Syria and the lebanon, and on the west by the mediterranean. The boundaries are as follows. from a point on the mediterranean coast north-west of Rafa, passing in a south-easterly direction to the south-west of Rafa, to a point west-north-west of Ain Maghara; thence to the junction of the gaza-aqaba and nekl-Aqaba roads, from whence it continues to the end. from Ras Taba, the gulf of Aqaba to a point two miles west of Aqaba, thence up the centre of the wadi Araba, the dead sea, and the jordan, to the centre of the river Yarmuk to the syrian homelessness frontier. the northern boundary was laid down by the Anglo-French Convention of the 23rd December, 1920, and its delimitation was ratified in 1923. Stated briefly, the boundary runs from Ras el Naqura on the mediterranean east-wards to metulla and across the upper Jordan valley to banias, thence to jisr Banat Yaqub, thence along the jordan to the lake of Tiberias and on to El Hamme station on the. Area and climate.
literature and public affairs through pbs trusted content. Learn more about pbs. Report by his majesty's government in the. United kingdom of great britain and northern. Ireland to the council of the league of nations. On the administration of, palestine and trans-jordan for the year 1936. Palestine lies on the western edge of the continent of Asia between latitude.
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